Senin, 28 Oktober 2013

Busan Museum - 부산박물관

The Busan Museum, offers seven regular exhibition rooms spread over three floors in addition to the Kiln Exhibition Hall, and the Outdoor Exhibition Hall. Opened in 1978, the museum has taken on a leading role in preserving traditional culture in Busan by obtaining a wealth of relics from strong excavation efforts, generous donations and purchases, and by meticulous research.
The museum was remodeled in 2002 along with the opening of Exhibition Hall 2. The wide array of relics ranges from the Prehistoric Age to the modern period. The Outdoor Exhibition Hall is home to precious pagodas, Buddhist statues, and monuments. There are over 6,000 items from excavations in Busan and the Gyeongnam area in addition to items that have been purchased, donated and collected. Those relics reveal the important historical and cultural heritage of Busan.

  • 2009.02.04 Revised the regulations and rules concerning the operation of the municipal museum of Busan Metropolitan City.
  • 2008.07.07 Newly established a team to investigate the cultural properties.
  • 2006.05.10 Revised the regulations and rules concerning the operation of the municipal museum of Busan Metropolitan City.
  • 2003.07.03 Opened the Busan Modern History Hall
  • 2002.05.03 Opened the Busan Museum after renovation
  • 2002.04.24 Opened the Dongsam-dong Shell Midden Exhibition Hall
  • 2000.05.15 Completed the 2nd Exhibition Hall
  • 1997.12.01 Started the construction of the 2nd Exhibition Hall
  • 1996.10.5 Opened the Bokcheon Annex
  • 1995.01.01 Renamed the museum as Busan Metropolitan Municipal Museum (or Busan museum)
  • 1992.03.02 Opened the Kiln Exhibition Hall
  • 1984.06.25 Opened the Memorial Hall of Provisional Capital
  • 1978.07.11 Opened the museum
  • 1978.01.31 Completed the new building
  • 1977.09.30 Legislation of Office Organization and Regulations
  • 1975.11.11 Started the construction of new building

Exhibition Hall Information
Exhibition Hall 1:

1. Late Paleolithic Period
Because of it's natural and enviromental factor surrounded by water on three sides, Busan area began to be inhibited since the Late Paleolithic Period (20,000 - 15,000 BC), and there are many relics and remains related to this. Many kinds of chipped stone implements have been excavated from the Jwa-dong and Jung-dong historic site throughout the entire area of Haeundae, including stone axe, jjikgae, milgae, geulgae, stone blade, etc., which can be assumed to be the ones that exsisted around 15,000~20,000 years ago.
Around 12,000 years ago, the glacial epoch ended and the Neolithic culture began to develop. From around 7,000 to 8,000 years ago, the Neolithic people began to live in the Busan area, along the coast where abundant marine resources were available. They left behind shell mound, settlement sites and tombs, and various artifacts including comb-patterned pottery, fish spear, fishing hook, stone axe, shellfish bracelet and era ring, stone and bone tools, etc., and the typical remains are the Dongsam-dong Shell Mound and the Beombang relics, etc.
Around 3,000 years ago from now, the new cultural factors focusing on Mumun pottery and bronze ware and rice farming came into the Busan area from the northern area, the rice agriculture was introduced into the region bringing about the Bronze period. The people of this period, dwelling on river banks and on hilly districts, left behind many relics related to farming, which include the housing sites of Banyeo-dong, Oncheon-dong and Nopo-dong as well as the dolmens of Gamcheon-dong and Gadeok-do and Jo-do shell mound.
2. Samhan/Three Kingdoms Room
Around the latter half of the Bronze Age, because of the inflow of iron culture from China, the Samhan society (B.C. 2C~A.D. 3C) began to be formed. From this time, Busan area came into a full-scale historical age, and the Dokro kingdom was established, which was one of the Byeonhan 12 kingdoms. As the typical relics of this age, there are Dongrae shell mound and Naeseong relic, and the tomb relics are located in Bokcheon-dong, Guseo-dong and Nopo-dong. As for the cultural phenomena in this age, there appeared new earthenware called wajil earthenware and the deotneol tomb as well as the various instruments and weapons made of iron material.
Facing the turbulent era when the use of ironware was generalized and wars were happening frequently, the small kingdoms of Samhan united allied with other neighboring small kingdoms or unified with them. The Dokro kingdom in Busan allied with Gaya kingdom located in the Gimhae area, becoming part of Geumgwan-Gaya, sharing the culture from 4th century to early 5th century. However, after the 5th century, as the Geumgwan-Gaya declined and Silla advanced here, the Silla culture became established. All the relics of Three Kingdom era known to this date are tombs, including the Ancient Tombs of Bokcheon-dong, Oryundae, Dugu-dong, Imseok-dong, Danggam-dong, Hwamyeong-dong, Deokcheon-dong, Banyeo-dong, Goejeong-dong and the Yeonsan-dong Ancient Tombs.

3. Unified Silla Room
Silla that had unified the Three Kingdoms began to execute the Ju Gun and Hyeon System by reorganizing the local government system in 685 (5th year of King Sinmun) for the purpose of centralized authoritarian ruling. As the local government system has been organized, the social atmosphere got to be different from the time before the unification.
Busan, which was in the outskirts of the unified Silla was incorporated into Dongnae-gun, a part of Yangju, and named Dongnae in 751 (16th year of King Gyeongdeok), which is derived from Chinese characters. During this time, as Buddhism spread, Beomeosa (temple) was built in Busan, too, wher are still the 3 Story Stone tower and Stone Lamp, etc. Beomeosa, one of the 10 Hwaeom-sect temples, is said to be initially built in mount Geumjeong in 678 (18th year of King Munmu) and rebuilt in 830 (10th year of King Heungdeok). Around this time, The first roof-tiled building was built, too. The relics of Unified Silla that remain in Busan include many items related to daily life such as earthenware kiln, etc.

4. Goryeo Room
After the unification of Later Samguk (Three Kingdoms) by Goryeo (918~1392), Busan became a remote place far from the center of politics. As a result, when compared even with the neighboring area like Ulsan, Yangsan, etc., Busan became politically neglected in the early Goryeo era. The Dongrae-gun, which was a Ju Hyeon where was a local officer dispatched from the central government even in the Unified Silla, lost its status early in Goryeo, being incorporated into Ulju (Ulsan) in 1018 (9th of King Hyeonjong), and the Gijang and Dongpyeong hyeon that belonged to Dongrae-gun was incorporated into Ulju and Yangju (Yangsan) respectively.
But after the middle years of Goryeo, especially under King Uijong's reign, Busan produced many relatively important person such as Jeong Seo who composed Jeong Gwajeong-gok, the Song of Jeong Gwajeong, gradually becoming an important area in politics. Also according to its geographical condition, its approximationto coastal areas and a large river, the importance of Busan gradually emerged struggling through the periods of Mongol resistance, Sambyeocho (three units of remnant resistant Korean soldiers) resistance, and the Japanese invaders domination on the southern and western coasts. Thereafter in Joseon Dynasty, it emerged to the front of history as a gate for entering into friendly relations with Japan.

5. Joseon Room
From the end of the Goryeo period to the early Joseon period, the damage caused by waegu was very extreme. Busan, very close to Daema-do, the stronghold of waegu was located in the most important place, responsible for the defense at the forefront. For this reason, a jin (barracks) and Gyeongsang-jwasuyeong (Naval headquarters of Gyeongsangdo Province) were established in Busanpo in 1397 (6th year of King Taejo), and it emerged as a very important city militarily.

Exhibition Hall 2

1. Korea-Japan Relationship Room
As the Japanese pirates, who had been rampant since the end of Goryeo period, continued to pillage the southern provinces, the Joseon government opened three waegwan (Japanese trading and living quarter) in 3 ports (Busan, Jinhae, and Ulsan) so that they could buy the daily necessities without looting any more. In waegwan, a variety of facilities were built including wharf, hotel, warehouse, etc., and the number of Japanese people staying for a long period gradually increased. When the control over waegwan by Joseon was reinforced, the Japanese in waegwan, who were dissatisfied with this, gave rise to the Sampo War in 1510 under the assistance of the chief of Daemado.
Thereafter, small and big battles occured repeatedly and the tension between the two nations was intensified, and finally the Imjinwaeran (the Imjin War) broke out in 1592, with Japanese troops invading Joseon. Busan suffered a lot of destruction for a long time as it was the place invaded by Japanese army for the first time, or passage for the diplomats to hold the meetings for peace talks, or the place for the Japanese troops to remain, or the invasion route to Jeongyujaeran, etc. After Imjinwaeran ended, both countries normalized the diplomatic exchanges with each other, and waegwan was provided for the diplomats and merchants of Japan to exchange with Joseon counterparts. Late in Joseon period, waegwan was provided only in Busan. Various kinds of facilities were built in Busan, which were necessary for diplomatic relations and trades with Japan, many Japanese diplomats and merchants visited Busan. When Joseon diplomats went to Japan, they left for Japan from Busan.
The role of the chief Dongrae, who controlled over Busan, got to be important, and the role of the following officials became greater, including Jwasusa of Jwasuyeong who was responsible to defend the coast in this area and the Cheomsa who ruled over each Jin like Busanjin, Dadaejin, etc.
Through waegwan, the cultures, customs, etc., of Japan got known to Joseon people and vice versa.

2. Living Culture Room
The Dongrae market is a 5 day interval market opening on every 2 and 7, which is in the center of the village, where many kind of goods produced in neighboring villages for trading in Dongraebu are gathered. The main product of Dongrae was a tobbaco pipe. There were many handicraft manufacturing places to make tobbaco pipes in Dongrae, and such tobacco pipes from those manufacturing paces were distributed all over the country through the market day. The famous goods in such market included seaweed and hair tail of Gijang, wild edible greens of Cheolma, pear and hemp cloth of Gupo, melon of Yeonsan-dong, bamboo goods of Geumsa-dong, anchovy of Haeundae, sweet persimmon of Yangsan, vegetables of Gimhae and dropwort of Eonyang.
The Dongrae merchants who worked based on the Dongrae market place were the most prominent big tradesman throughout the country together with the Gaeseong and Uiju merchants. They had control over the market with large capital and strong system, leading not only the commerce in Joseon but also the trade with Japan. However, they were gradually squeezed out of the market after opening of a port with a central place of Japanese people being created, of which business district being expanded during the Japan's colonial rule of the Korean Peninsula. Thereafter, the function of Dongrae market gradually decreased as its transportation service was inconvenient when compared with other markets.

3. Folk Room
The traditional folk culture in the Busan area have been carried on to today's life of Busan citizens, but many of them have disapeared as the environment changed. Among them, some old artistic talents that are flower of folk ceremonies permeated with philosophy of life designated as intangible cultural properties for preservation and succesion.
The songs that were sung in the sea while catching fish became the Jwasuyoung-eobangnori and Dadaepohurisori, and the song enjoyed while arduous farming in cooperation with one another became a folk game called Suyeongcheongnori. And the masque that is only in Busan, which prays for bountiful year and peace, Suyeong-Dongrae Yaryu was played. The Gutgeori rhythm is free from short and rapid melody as if it reflects the thick line, the crude but easygoing character of Busan people, and the Deotbaegi dance is freewheeling only with standard big form.
The folklore of Busan has a dance rhythm that we can enjoy according to the beat having ties than can be fastened and loosened, leading the folk game to the peak. The folklore of Busan is the character that does not tolerate the illicit power as shown in the bitter satire of Yangban in the Deulnoreum.

4. Modern Times Room
Starting from the exclusive settlement developed immediately after the opening of the port in 1876, many facilities were developed to enforce colonial exploitation. Japanese people plundered the land and houses owned by the people of Joseon. The people of Joseon resisted the economical invasion in many ways, including the introduction of new education, revitalitation of both modernization and national education, establishment of commercial system and banks, etc. But since the annexation of Joseon by Japan in 1910, the independent modernization by our people failed.
During the colonial ruling by Japan, they were gradually making Busan their colonial city through port reclaiming work, street planning, maintenance of road network and introduction of electric train, etc. In addition to this, they exploited the raw materials and labors by construction of modern industrial facilities. In the mean time, the Joseon people resisted the colonial ruling by Japan in many ways, including shouting for national independence, organizing laborer group for each industry as well as many kinds of social groups. The Imperial Japan violently oppressed the resistance of Busan people and fostered some pro-Japanese group to break up the Joseon people. The colonial education by Imperial Japan provided to achieve this purpose completely obliterated national education of Joseon to provide only their own education to make Joseon people as their own Emperor's people.

5. Present-Day Room
The first 8 years from 1945 when Korea became independent from Japan's colonial ruling to 1953 when the Korea War ended is a short period within the 5,000 years of Korean history, but its historical events imply that Korea was passing through a transition era which would last throughout the century. Before the overflowing excitement of liberation subsided, Koreans had to suffer a disruption by conflicting ideologies, a war, and then the fixation of the division of the land.
The division, unification, ideology and foreign power and others are the terms to which we are still accustomed, and those problems still remain unsolved. In the history of 8 years after liberation, Busan was in the center of changes. In Korea war, which was the cause for the beginning of a full-scale division period after the chance to establish independent unified country came to an abrupt end, Busan was in the center of history, as the provisional capital and haven for the refugees who had gathered from all over the peninsula.

Kiln Exhibition Hall
Kiln Exhibition introduces production procedureson an earthenware-Kiln and a Tile-Kiln used in the Age of the Unified Silla period and the Joseon Dynasty. Touchable tiles are displayed as well.

Outdoor Exhibition
About 40 stone-built items such as Dongnae Nammunbi, Cheokhwabi, Yakjojechalbi, etc. are displayed at the outdoor garden.

Donation Center
The donation center displays donated relics with nameplates showing the donor's name to honor their noble intentions.

Culture Experience Hall
The ground floor of the 1st exhibition hall is a Culture Experience Center. You could experience various cultural histories through printing a rubbed copy, putting on the traditional wedding and court dress, tea ceremony.
Opening Hours: 10:00~17:00

Main Collections
Total relics are approximately 32,000 items including not less than 10,000 items from excavation of burial culture properties that were excavated from historic sites at Deokcheon-dong, Nopo-dong, old tombs, Gimhaeeupseong in Busan, Gyeongnam area, about 10,000 purchased items, about 8,000 items of donation, about 360 collected items. At present, 1,500 items of History and Folk customs of Busan from the Prehistoric period to the present (till in 1953) are mainly displayed. About 40 stone-built items such as pagoda, Buddhist statues, tombstones, etc. are displayed at the outdoor exhibition space.

1. Gilt-Bronze Standing Bodhisattva Statue (National Treasure No. 200) 
This image of Buddha shows the superb artisanship of the Unified Silla period during the latter half of 8th century. Although the Bogwan, Daejwa and Gwangbae have been lost and part of Cheonui has been damaged, the overall appearance of the statue gives a mild impression due to its smooth, flexible curve continued from its elbow and ample bosom to the waist though the body feels somewhat rigid. The calm smile around the mouth makes us feel the mercifulness of the statue.
Especially, one of the characteristics of the statue is that it has no other decorations than the two (2) pair of bracelets on both arms.
The beautiful wrinkle of the cloths of the lower half of its body and the its rhythmical curve plays a great role in expressing the holy spirit of the statue by making the man-like commanding and solemn atmosphere smoother. The statue's overall expression in not only true to the fact in general, with its balance and cubic effect being sufficient but has dignity and mercifulness. For this reason, it is evaluated as an excellent art piece that was made through the disposition of the craftsman in Unified Silla and mature molding skills.
This statue was made of bronze and its inside is hollow. Furthermore, as the gold plating remains relatively intact, the gold color is still brilliant.

2. Yeongtaeinyeonmyeong Napseoksariraho (The Lead-stone Ash Urn with 'the 2nd Year of Yeongtae's Rule' Inscription) (National Treasure No. 2)
The inscription on the surface of this ash urn reveals its exact production date is A.D. 766, and it is known to have been excavated from the jungdaeseok (central seat) on the daejwa (support), on which the stone Birojanabul is seated, at the site of a closed temple in Jirisan (mountain), Sancheong-gun, Gyeongsangnam-do. Three rows of fine lines were engraved around the surface of its body, and 15 lines of inscription (characters), each line composed of 8-11 characters, were engraved on it. The inscription reveals the production date and origin of the ash urn and the Buddha sculpture. Besides, since the inscription was made in Idu characters (Chinese characters borrowed to represent the sounds of spoken Korean), it serves as an important data for the study of language and literature, etc. as well as the Buddhist art.

3. Cheokhwabi (Busan Netropolitan City-designated Monument no. 18)
This is a Resistance Monument Against Foreign Power that Heungsun Daewongun set up in Seoul and other important locations all over the country to resist powerful countries such as Western countries and Japan, and to reinforce national isolation and stimulate people's awakening for it. Originally, it was set up at the Busanjin ruins of a fortress. A passage is engraved on it, which reads "Not fighting when the 'Yangoh' (Western Savage) invades means a compromise and it is the same as a treachery to our country. I warn this to our descendants. Made in the year of Byungin and set up in the year of Sinmi."
All of the Cheokhwabi were removed after Chung Dynasty (China) kidnapped Daewongun during the Imogunran (Military Revolt in 1882, Imoh Year) and Joseon was forced to open up the door to foreigners and the trades between the countries started.

4. Yakjojechalbi (Busan Metropolitan City-designated Monument no. 17)
Yakjojechalbi are the monuments erected in 1683 (the 9th year of Sukjong's reign) by the governors of Dongnaebu and Tsushima Islands Province to proclaim the five prohibition regulations for the operation of the waegwan. The summarized contents described therein are as shown below;
1. Anyone who comes out of the boundary prohibited to go in and out shall be sentenced to death, whether it is a major or minor violation.
2. If bribery is uncovered to have given or received, both the one who gave it and the one who received it shall be sentenced to death.
3. When the market opens, those who go into each other's room to engage in a black-market business shall be sentenced to death.
4. When a variety of things are supplied every 5 days, the Japanese people are never allowed to drag down and beat a petty official in a provincial town, warehouse keeper, interpreter, etc.
5. Both sides of criminals shall be executed to death together out of the gates of waegwan.

5. Dongnae Nammunbi (Busan Netropolitan City-designated Monument No. 21)
This monument was set up outside of the Nammun (Southern gate), Mt. Nongju, which was a hard-fought field in 1670 (the 11th year of King Hyunjong's resign), in the memory of Deputy delegate Song, Sang Hyung, who died for the country against Japanese invaders at the Dongnae Nammun (Southern gate).
In 1688 (the 14th year of King Sukjong's resign) Deputy delegate, Lee, Deok Seong made extensions. In 1709 (the 35th year of King Sukjong's reign), Deputy delegate, Yi Jin, Gwon moved it to the front yard of a detached building when he built the detached building at Chungryeol Temple. But in 1736 (the 12th year of Youngjo's reign), as they had to remove the detached building, it had to be moved to Dongnae Nammun (Southern gate). Now it stands on the outdoor exhibition space of the municipal museum.

6. Dongnaebu Dongha-myeon archive (Busan Netropolitan City-designated Monument No. 24)
Dongha-myeon archive is a document directly related to the local self-government administration of Dongnaebu Dongha-myeon (Part of Haeundae-gu at present) in the Joseon Dynasty.
It is a very important material that informs the details of social cultural background of this region and local administration in the late Joseon Dynasty. Dongha-myeon archives consist of 30 books including "Dongha-myeon family register ledger, 338 pages before 1910, and 87 pages after 1910, therefore total page is 470. It is a very valuable material in the study of history, society, and culture of Busan at the end of Joseon Dynasty.

7. Fishing hook at Beombang Shell Mound
A combination type of fishing hook that was found at Beombang-dong, Gangseo-gu is a hook of bone, which connects a fishing pole made of stone. They were found in the remains of the Neolithic period sites such as Yangyang-gun, Osan-ri, and Gangwon-do, which show a fishing history during the Neolithic period. There are 2-4 grooves on the top of an axis that enable to bind fishing wires.

8. Chrysanthemum Pattern celadon porcelain inlaid cup with a mat
This is a celadon porcelain cup with a mat in the middle of Goryeo. The cup and the mat are of flower shape with 10 pieces of petal. Petal on the cup saucer of the mat is of a mountain shape, and a stem of the mat is of a diaper shape. The outside is inlaid with veins and chrysanthemum patterns. Inlaid technique is originated from damascene method of metal crafts and an inlaying method of mother-of-pearl lacquer.

9. Myeongdong Bell at Angsusa (Temple), Sangju
This is a medium-sized temple bell that was reportedly unearthed around Jecheon, Chungcheongbuk-do. It has been kept relatively better than other bells of Goryeo Era.
It is said that the reasons why they cast and gave it to the temple is that, after iron bell was broken, another one was made of 40 additional pounds of brass, which is inscribed on the front.
And in the back names of monks and craftsmen "Yoo, Seon" was inscribed. From those inscriptions, we could recognize this is the bell of Ansusa (temple), Sangju, Gyeongsangbuk-do. The bell is of a general shape in other temples, but the unique thing is that a seated figure of Bodhisattva is placed on between other seated figures.

10. Jade green-colored pottery inlaid Vein Pattern Changku (a double-headed drum pinched in at the middle)
This is Jade green-colored pottery Janggu is made as 2 parts dividing in the middle. It was used as musical instrument with leather attached on both sides of it.
One side is opened widely and the other side is narrowly pursed. The wide side is on the left, which is beaten by hand. The narrow side is on the right, which is beaten with bamboo drumstick. A light gray-blue glaze is applied all over, except for the connection part in the middle. After drawing each pattern of 2 lines for the sound body and 1 line for the axis in total 3 white inlaid lines for each, the top is inlaid with vine patterns, the bottom with lotus flower, and the other spaces with small chrysanthemum patterns.

11. Busan Netropolitan City-designated Monument No. 18 and 19
Dongmo (bronze spear) is one of the typical remains as well as Donggeom (bronze dagger) and Donggwa (bronze spear with branch). It was made using the formwork made of stone and generally consisted of two (2) parts, spearhead and handle sheath, which was used to pierce an enemy by inserting a long wooden handle into the handle sheath. Dongmo is excavated together with thin a type og Donggeom, Dongwa and Dongbu (bronze ax) and sometimes together with ironware. It lasted until about B.C. 2C to the end of B.C. 1C, and seems to have been completely replaced by ironware after then.
At present, Dongmo is preserved and exhibited in the Bokcheon Annex Building of the Municipal Museum.

12. Busan Netropolitan City-designated Monument No. 20
Padu is a kind of decoration that is adhered to the end of handle either of bronze dagger or of iron dagger, of which material is various, including stone, bronze, earth, etc., but the ones made of bronze are being found most. While the four (4) horses are modest, the point of shape are well expressed, harmonized with the form and size of the knob in the shape of square column. And as the bronze rust in yellowish green color developed on its surface, it gives out a beautiful gloss like a jade.
The era of Padu is estimated to be around A.D. 1C, and it is an important material to find out the aspect of Metal Culture in the early period of our country. At present, Padu is preserved and exhibited in the Bokcheon Annex Building of the Municipal Museum.

13. Busan Netropolitan City-designated Monument No. 84
They are the old books and documents of the family of Bangok, Lee Deok-Seong, who greatly influenced the society of Joseon Dynasty, from the middle years to latter period there of, both in education and arts. As the books were written in an excellent handwriting, most of which are the only copy of manuscript, they are important materials in the study in the science of bibliography, Korean literature, ancient art history, etc. At present, the books are exhibited in the Donation Center of Busan Municipal Museum.

14. Portrait and Related Reamains (Treasure No. 1501)
This includes 121 items of remains related to Bangok, Lee Deok-Seong, a civil minister during king Sukjong in Joseon Dynasty. At present, they are exhibited both in Joseon room and in the Donation Center of Busan Municipal Museum.

15. Earthenware in the shape of shoes in Bokcheondong Ancient Tombs
This was earthenware excavated from the wooden box in Bokcheon-dong No. 53 tomb of the middle years of 5C, an earthenware in the shape of footwear adhered to Daegak. This earthenware is a kind of dish decorated with leather shoes, to which are adhered several legs. It is a material through which we can find out the footwear culture of the people at that time.

16. Baekjacheolhwayongmun Jar (White porcelain jar with design of dragon)
This jar was a large white porcelain jar in the middle years of Joseon Dynasty, which was used at home to keep therein salted crabs and shrimps. Dragon and vine design was drawn on its surface using iron oxide paintings. Though its design, of which dragon looked like a centipede, was abstract, its strokes of brush was very lively and humorous, showing the peculiar characteristics of the local products, distinct from those produced by the central official manufacturers in Gwangju.

17. Sansuinmuldo (Landscape and Figure Painting)
This is a painting drawn by Danwon, Kim Hong-Do, one of the typical painters in the latter-half years of Joseon Dynasty, which seems to be a piece drawn by him when he was older than 60 judging from the characteristics of painting style. Together with Hyewon, Sin Yun-Bok, Danwon is known to us as a typical genre painter in the latter-half years of Joseon Dynasty.

18. Eojeonjuncheonjemyeongcheop
This is a scrapbook of painting and writings in commemoration of the cleaning and repairing work of brook (Today's Cheonggyecheon in Seoul), which was done in the 36th year of King Yeongjo (1760). The scrapbook includes Juncheonsojwamok (a book coontaining the names of both the officials of the Juncheonso and the manpower mobilized for the cleaning and repairing work), 2 pieces of drawings (Sumunsangchinrimgwanyeokdo and Yeonghwadangchinrimsaseondo), the theme of a poem shown by the King himself at the site, and the poems of the Kins's men who answered in response to such theme.

19. Haengseodaeryeon
This is a rhyming couplet written by the Chusa, Kim Jeong-Hee, famous as a talented man in painting and writing, in the latter-half years of Joseon Dynasty. Through the content of the writing, we can see one side of Chusa who established the school of epigraphy of Joseon by making much effort to study the epigraphy and search and protect the data related to epigraphy as well as by teaching his younger scholars.

63, Unpyeonghwa-ro, Nam-gu, Busan / 부산광역시 남구 유엔평화로 63 (대연동)

Get off at Busan Museum Station.
From Busan Station, Nampong-do - take bus no. 134
From Seomyeon, Gaya - take bus no. 68
From Haeundae - take bus no. 139, 1001 or 1003
From Dongnae - take bus no. 51
Daeyeon Station, Busan Subway line 2, Exit #3 >> 10 minutes walk to the Museum

Operating Hours
09:00 - 18:00 (Last admission is 1 hour before closing)
Closed : New Year's Day, Every Monday (if a holiday falls on a Monday, then the museum opens on that day, but closes the following day)
Free admission

Homepage (Korean, English, Japanese, Chinese, Russian)

Source: Visit Korea, Busan Museum,

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